China 1992 Kilo Gold Compass
2000 Yuan Proof Coin
About the China 1992 Kilo Gold Compass 2000 Yuan Proof Coin
A series of thirty coins was issued in 1992 with the theme of inventions and discoveries of ancient China. The series comprises seven gold, eighteen silver, and five platinum coins. Pictured above is one of two 1kg gold coins in the series. This coin features the invention of the compass. It is a coin of proof quality with a purity of 99.9% and a diameter of 100mm. Only ten pieces were struck by the Shenyang mint. Its denomination is 2000 yuan.
The reverse face shows a picture of the compass device with a group of horses and a chariot being guided by a compass needle in the background. To the left of the picture is the inscription written in Chinese characters: “Compass 4th Century BC”. Below the image is the denomination, 2000 yuan.
The compass was invented during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) when people discovered that certain magnetic rocks always aligned to the South when suspended and allowed to rotate freely. The compass was frequently used on ships at sea, when travelling, and when going to war.
The obverse face shows a picture of the Great Wall, the ancient Chinese fortifications, construction on which began in 220 BC during the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC). Above this appears an inscription: “The People's Republic of China”, in Chinese characters. Below the Great Wall image is the year of production, 1992.